引用本文:郑仲登,黄毅斌,翁伯奇,罗 涛,于家旺. 福建山地综合开发中红壤保育研究——I.不同垦殖方式对果园生态系统的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2003, 11(3): 149-151
ZHENG Zhong-Deng,HUANG Yi-Bin,WENG Bo-Qi,LUO Tao,YU Jia-Wang. Studies on the comprehensive development of hilly land in Fujian—I.Effects of different planting manners on the or chard ecosystem[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2003, 11(3): 149-151
DOI:DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1011.year_id].0149
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器   关闭   
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 1692次   下载 1311 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
福建山地综合开发中红壤保育研究——I.不同垦殖方式对果园生态系统的影响
郑仲登1, 黄毅斌1, 翁伯奇1, 罗 涛2, 于家旺3
1.福建省农业科学院红萍研究中心 福州 350013;2.福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 福州 350013;3.尤溪县农业外资办公室 尤溪 350000
摘要:  不同垦殖方式对果园生态系统的影响试验研究结果表明,降雨强度与径流量呈指数方程,水平平台开垦是山地防止径流和土壤侵蚀的有效工程措施,而顺坡开垦种果、果树间种50cm 宽禾本科牧草形成草篱带、坡面种植优质牧草平托花生可防止径流发生。果园套种豆科牧草可降低土壤容重,增加土壤孔隙度和土壤微生物种类与数量,提高土壤含水量,增加土壤有机质、全N 和速效养分含量,调节地表和土层温度,有利于果树生长。
关键词:  径流 土壤侵蚀 果园套种 垦殖方式 生态系统
中图分类号:
基金项目:世界银行红壤开发(2期)福建科研项目和福建省科技厅重大科研项目共同资助
Studies on the comprehensive development of hilly land in Fujian—I.Effects of different planting manners on the or chard ecosystem
ZHENG Zhong-Deng1, HUANG Yi-Bin1, WENG Bo-Qi1, LUO Tao2, YU Jia-Wang3
1.Azolla Research Center,Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Fuzhou 350013;2.Institute of Soil and Fertilizer,Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sci ences,Fuzhou 350013;3.Foreign Fund Utilization Office of Agriculture,Youxi County,Youxi 350000
Abstract:  Effects of different planting manners on the orchard ecosystem are studied and the results show that the relationship between the intensity of rainfall and run-off amount shows an exponential function.The horizontal reclaim in terrace is the effective engineering practice to prevent run-off and soil erosion in hilly land. The practices that reclaim in down-slope for planting fruit trees ,planting the grass plants in 50cm width between fruit trees to form the gras fences,growing leguminous plants such as Pinto peanut on slope surface are the comprehensive ways to run the hilly orchard.Planting leguminous forages in new developing orchard may decrease soil bulk weight,improve soil porosity and the kinds and amount of soil microorganism ,adjust the temperatures on the soil surface and within soil layer,increase soil moisture and organic matter,improve soil fertility and increase the contents of soil total N and fast-acting nutrition.These planting practices are favorable to the growth of fruit trees .
Keyword:  Run-off,Soil erosion,Interplanting in orchard,Reclaim manners,Ecosystem
您是第 6222165 位访问者  冀ICP备05003362号-2
版权所有 ©《中国生态农业学报(中英文)》编辑部
地址:河北省石家庄市裕华区槐中路286号 050022 电话:0311-85818007 E-mail:editor@sjziam.ac.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司