引用本文:张玉铭,胡春胜,张佳宝,董文旭,王玉英,宋利娜. 农田土壤主要温室气体(CO2、CH4、N2O)的源/汇强度及其温室效应研究进展[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2011, 19(4): 966-975
ZHANG Yu-Ming,HU Chun-Sheng,ZHANG Jia-Bao,DONG Wen-Xu,WANG Yu-Ying,SONG Li-Na. Research advances on source/sink intensities and greenhouse effects of CO2, CH4 and N2O in agricultural soils[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2011, 19(4): 966-975
DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1011.2011.00966
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器   关闭   
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 6050次   下载 7423 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
农田土壤主要温室气体(CO2、CH4、N2O)的源/汇强度及其温室效应研究进展
张玉铭,胡春胜,张佳宝,董文旭,王玉英,宋利娜
1.封丘农田生态系统国家试验站 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室 中国科学院南京土壤研究所 南京 210008;2.中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所农业资源研究中心 中国科学院农业水资源重点实验室 河北省节水农业重点实验室石家庄 050022;3.中国科学院研究生院 北京 100049
摘要:  气候变化是当今全球面临的重大挑战, 人类社会生产生活引起的温室气体排放是全球气候变暖的主要原因。大气中CO2、CH4 和N2O 是最重要的温室气体, 对温室效应的贡献率占了近80%。据估计, 大气中每年有5%~20%的CO2、15%~30%的CH4、80%~90%的N2O 来源于土壤, 而农田土壤是温室气体的重要排放源。本文重点阐述了农田土壤温室气体产生、排放或吸收机理及其影响因素, 指出土地利用方式和农业生产力水平等人为控制因素通过影响土壤和作物生长条件来影响农田土壤温室气体产生与排放或吸收。所以, 我们可以从人类活动对农田生态系统的影响着手, 通过改善农业生产方式和作物生长条件来探索温室气体减排措施, 达到固碳/氮增汇的目的。对国内外关于农田温室气体排放的源/汇强度及其综合温室效应评估的最新研究进展进行了综述, 指出正确估算与评价农田土壤温室气体的源/汇强度及其对大气中主要温室气体浓度变化的贡献, 有助于为温室气体减排以及减少气候变化预测的不确定性提供理论依据。
关键词:  农田土壤  温室气体  二氧化碳  甲烷  氧化亚氮  温室效应
中图分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX2-YW-Q1-07)和国家自然科学基金面上项目(30970534)资助
Research advances on source/sink intensities and greenhouse effects of CO2, CH4 and N2O in agricultural soils
ZHANG Yu-Ming1,2,3,4,5,6,7, HU Chun-Sheng4,5,6, ZHANG Jia-Bao1,2,3, DONG Wen-Xu4,5,6, WANG Yu-Ying4,5,6, SONG Li-Na4,5,6
1.State Experimental Station of Agro-ecosystem in Fengqiu;2.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture;3.Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;4.Key Laboratory of Agricultural Water Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences;5.Hebei Key Laboratory of Agricultural Water-saving;6.Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050022, China;7.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract:  Climate change is an increasing global challenge. Greenhouse gas emission via anthropogenic processes is the main cause of global warming. CO2, CH4 and N2O are the main greenhouse gases, accounting for ≈80% of greenhouse effect. It is estimated that each year, 5%~20% of CO2, 15%~30% of CH4 and 80%~90% of N2O in air are emitted from soils. Agricultural soils are the main sources of greenhouse gas emission. This work expatiated the mechanisms and affecting factors of greenhouse gas formation, emission and absorption in agricultural soils. And the contribution of farmland ecosystem to greenhouse effects was discussed. It was indicated that anthropogenic factors such as land use and agricultural activity influenced greenhouse gas formation, emission and absorption in agricultural soils. Because anthropogenic processes affected agricultural ecosystems, greenhouse gas emission reductions for stabilized carbon and nitrogen were possible through improved agricultural cultivation and production systems. This study summarized the latest research advances in source/sink intensities of greenhouse gas emissions from farmlands and how that contributes to greenhouse effect. The study suggested that accurate estimation of source/sink intensities of greenhouse gases and appropriate assessments of greenhouse gas effects were the theoretical basis for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and uncertainties in predicting climate change.
Keyword:  Agricultural soil, Greenhouse gas, Carbon dioxide, Methane, Nitrous oxide, Greenhouse effect
您是第 6094889 位访问者  冀ICP备05003362号-2
版权所有 ©《中国生态农业学报(中英文)》编辑部
地址:河北省石家庄市裕华区槐中路286号 050022 电话:0311-85818007 E-mail:editor@sjziam.ac.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司