引用本文:刘彦随,刘 玉,郭丽英. 气候变化对中国农业生产的影响及应对策略[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2010, 18(4): 905-910
LIU Yan-Sui,LIU Yu,GUO Li-Ying. Impact of climatic change on agricultural production and response strategies in China[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2010, 18(4): 905-910
DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1011.2010.00905
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气候变化对中国农业生产的影响及应对策略
刘彦随,刘 玉,郭丽英
1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101;2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室 北京 100101;3.中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 北京 100081
摘要:  全球气候呈现变暖的趋势, 对农业生产和粮食安全产生重大影响, 并成为当今全球环境变化关注的热点问题之一。本文采用文献综述与比较研究的方法, 系统分析了气候变化对光资源、温度、土壤质量和水环境等农业生产要素的影响机理, 探讨了气候变化对我国作物种植区域和种植制度、农作物病虫害、农业生产能力以及农业经济与管理等方面的实际影响, 通过梳理国外应对气候变化的主要农业战略, 提出新时期我国应对气候变化的农业可持续发展策略。
关键词:  农业生产 粮食安全 气候变化 应对策略 中国
中图分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40871257, 40635029)和国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2006CB400505)
Impact of climatic change on agricultural production and response strategies in China
LIU Yan-Sui1,2, LIU Yu1,3, GUO Li-Ying4
1.(1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;3.2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100102, China;4.Institute of Natural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:  A number of studies indicate increasing global climate warming especially in recent decades. Climate warming greatly influences global agro-production and food security — the focus of global environmental change. This paper proposes a structural and orientational framework for scientifically addressing climatic change impact on agro-production. Through literature review and comparative studies, the paper systematically summarizes influencing mechanisms and effect of climate warming on such agro-production factors as light, temperature, soil quality and water environment. The impact of climate warming on cultivation regions, cropping systems, crop pests, agro-production capacity, agro-economy and farm management is analyzed. Then, suitable climate-adapted agro-development strategies are put forward for different regions in China. The strategies are carefully selected from a repository of international tested climatic change countermeasures in agriculture at national or district level.
Keyword:  Agro-production, Food security, Climatic change, Response strategy, China
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