引用本文:刘某承,张 丹,李文华. 稻田养鱼与常规稻田耕作模式的综合效益比较研究——以浙江省青田县为例[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2010, 18(1): 164-169
LIU Mou-Cheng,ZHANG Dan,LI Wen-Hua. Evaluation of comprehensive benefit of rice-fish agriculture and rice monocropping —A case study of Qingtian County, Zhejiang Provinc[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2010, 18(1): 164-169
DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1011.2010.00164
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器   关闭   
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 2758次   下载 2537 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
稻田养鱼与常规稻田耕作模式的综合效益比较研究——以浙江省青田县为例
刘某承1,2, 张 丹1,2, 李文华3
1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101;2. 中国科学院研究生院 北京 100049;3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101
摘要:  农业是整个国民经济发展的基础, 不可否认现代化大规模农业生产在保障粮食数量安全方面贡献巨大, 但在一些适合小规模耕作的山区, 经典的传统农业模式比常规农业耕作方式更具优势。本文基于生态价值观, 以浙江省青田县稻鱼共生系统和常规稻作系统为例, 针对农户和国家两个不同层次主体, 综合计算了上述两种农业生产模式的效益。结果表明, 就直接经济收入而言, 稻鱼共生系统的净收入比常规稻作系统高2 184元·hm-2, 投入多1 453元·hm-2, 其投入产出比和投资利润率较低; 但若考虑社会-经济-生态综合效益, 稻鱼共生系统的生态系统服务价值比常规稻作系统高7 447元·hm-2, 平均每公顷的综合价值高9 631元, 同时其投入产出比和投资利润率优于常规稻作系统。基于效益分析, 稻鱼共生系统的补偿标准下限为6 532元·hm-2, 上限为16 045元·hm-2, 政府可以通过对农户的补贴实现直接经济价值和社会综合效益的双赢。
关键词:  稻鱼共生系统 常规稻作系统 综合效益 补偿标准
中图分类号:
基金项目:GEF项目“稻鱼共生全球重要农业文化遗产动态保护与适应性管理”(GCP/GLO/212/GEF)、农业部国际合作交流项目“稻鱼共生农业文化遗产示范与推广”
Evaluation of comprehensive benefit of rice-fish agriculture and rice monocropping —A case study of Qingtian County, Zhejiang Provinc
LIU Mou-Cheng1,2, ZHANG Dan1,2, LI Wen-Hua3
1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;3.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Abstract:  Agriculture is the backbone of national economies of developing countries. On the one hand, the development of modern agriculture and agricultural mechanization plays an important role in food supply. On the other hand, some outstanding traditional agricultural models are better adapted for mountainous areas. The value of rice-fish agriculture and rice monocropping in Qingtian County of Zhejiang Province was comprehensively evaluated using ecological economic models. Results of the study show that net income from rice-fish agriculture is 2 184 Yuan·hm-2 higher than that of rice monocropping. However, there is an additional cost of 1 453 Yuan per hectare, implying that Return on Investment (ROI) of rice-fish agriculture is less than that of rice monocropping. Furthermore, ecological service value and comprehensive benefit of rice-fish agriculture are 7 447 Yuan·hm-2 and 9 631 Yuan·hm-2 higher respectively than those of rice monocropping, and ROI and ROI% are higher in rice-fish agriculture than rice monocropping. To adopt the rice-fish agriculture widely as it contributes more to society and the ecosystem, the government compensation should be provided to farmer with a base point of 6 532 Yuan·hm-2 and upper limit of 16 045 Yuan·hm-2.
Keyword:  Rice-fish agriculture, Rice monocropping, Comprehensive benefit, Compensation standard
您是第 6000608 位访问者  冀ICP备05003362号-2
版权所有 ©《中国生态农业学报(中英文)》编辑部
地址:河北省石家庄市裕华区槐中路286号 050022 电话:0311-85818007 E-mail:editor@sjziam.ac.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司